Uganda is an elevated basin that is raised between the shadows of the Eastern and Western Africa Great Rift Valley and crossed by the equator.
Uganda’s 3 quarters experience the tropical type of climate experienced in the central, eastern, and the western, and separately the northern experiences the semi-arid climate.
Greatly the climate of Uganda is influenced by altitudes and a larger part of occupied by the plateau which crosses from the northern taking the greatest portion of the eastern and the central region. The altitude of Uganda ranges from 621m at the Albert Nile to 5,109m at the Margherita peak of Mt. Rwenzori.
On average, Uganda experiences a warm tropical climate with temperatures falling in the 25–29°C (77–84°F) range on an average. The months from December to February are the hottest, but even during this season, the evenings can be chilly with temperatures in the 17–18°C (63–64°F) range.
The temperature variations are relatively little throughout the year as the northern experiences the warmest session of December to February to about 290C, and the southwestern of the Kigezi region experiences the coldest getting to about 170C.
Uganda receives two weather seasons which occur concurrently twice a year. The two kinds of weather don’t happen severely but relatively which annually the country receives about an average of 900 to 1500mm.
The Wet/rainy season occurs twice between March to May and September to November, and the dry/sunny seasons run from December to February and June to August.
Uganda is blessed with good weather conditions which are relatively facilitative towards the daily undertakings in the country’s economic function.
Right from the coolest highlands of the Kigezi in southwestern to the warmest northern of Kabongo areas plateaus, the climate is conducive for all-year business, agriculture, industry, and tourism.
Experiencing the equatorial weather conditions annually, the chances of watching the sun rising and setting is 99.9% daily, the sky is always relatively cloudy or blue sky respectively. During rainy/dry weathers Uganda is bathed with the shining sun and temperatures that rarely rise over 29 degrees Celsius.
With an average temperature of about 26 Degrees Celsius, very few places (due to high altitude) can become colder than 15 degrees Celsius.
The average rainfall varies from place to place because of the local geography. Rainfall ranges between 500mm to 2500mm, with a relative humidity range of 70 -100%.