Primary Census Indicates Uganda’s Population Hits 45 Million Mark


The population of Uganda has reached 45,935,046, marking an increase of 11.3 million people in the last 10 years since the last census in 2014.

Dr. Chris Mukiza, the Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS) Executive Director, announced the figures during the release of the preliminary Census 2024 results at the Serena Hotel in Kampala on Thursday.

The releasing of the primary results was adorned by President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, who welcomed the new data and praised the efforts of UBOS in conducting the census.

The President received the results and officially opened them for public use.

Breaking down the population by sex, the results show 22.5 million males and 23.4 million females. Uganda continues to be a young nation, with children aged 0–17 years making up 50.5% of the population.

Youths aged 18–30 years constitute 22.7%, while older persons aged 60 and above account for 5.0%. The working-age population (14-64 years) stands at 55.6%.

The census recorded 780,061 refugees within Uganda, highlighting the country’s role in hosting displaced populations from neighboring regions. The average household size is now reported to be 10,845,119.

With the 10 cities, Kampala hosts the highest population with a daily population of 627,340 visitors and 1,875,834 residents, then Mbarara, with 63,318 visitors and 261,656 residents, and Gulu, which has 91,165 visitors and 232,723 residents.

“The comprehensive data provided by UBOS is expected to inform future planning and development strategies across various sectors, reflecting the dynamic demographic changes in Uganda,” said Mukiza.


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